Signs of Diabetes in Seniors in Accordance with Laboratory Tests
Usually, blood tests under laboratory conditions can show the most accurate picture in female and male patients, as well as in children. Such tests can determine the amount of glucose (that is, sugar) in the blood but you need Health Insurance Marketplace 2020 from https://www.healthinsurance2020.org. A random analysis of plasma glucose can be carried out during a clinical examination or if mass screening is conducted (for example, those who wish in pharmacies). Or when you need to get emergency data of blood sugar. If the indicator of blood glucose is 7 mmol/l and more, then this value is already critical and you should immediately contact an endocrinologist. Fasting blood glucose test. This type of test is the most common, however, its accuracy is not absolute, and its execution is quite simple. The patient is advised to come in the early morning, or if food has not been consumed for 8-12 hours prior to blood collection. If the indicators are in the range of 3.3–5.5 mmol/l, then concerns about diabetes can be removed. When the values reach 7 mmol/l or exceed it, the doctor prescribes an additional examination or the analysis like the one below. You cannot take alcoholic beverages in the evening and smoke for an hour before blood is collected.
Glucose Tolerance Test is necessary in order to specify the results obtained earlier. It is also possible to determine if glucose tolerance is impaired. To do this, blood is taken on an empty stomach, then the patient is offered to drink a glass of sugar solution (75 grams of sugar is dissolved in 250 grams of water for adults). After two hours, a blood test is performed again. The norm for a healthy person is the range of blood glucose values: the first time – not exceeding 5.5 mmol/l; repeatedly – no more than 7.8 mmol/l. The indicators of the first analysis – 5.5-6.7 mmol/l, the second – 7.8-11.1 mmol/l will testify to the pre-diabetic state. Analysis of glycated hemoglobin is the most reliable test in the modern diagnosis of diabetes. This study is recommended by the World Health Organization. According to its results, you can see the average value of blood sugar levels over the past 3 months. In this case, the accuracy of the study won’t be affected by either the time of blood sampling, food intake, or any other external circumstances. Blood glucose is considered normal at 7.8 mmol/l, or it corresponds to 6.5% HbA1C (blood biochemical indicator). If this value is higher, then it is a sign of diabetes. When this figure is 6%, which corresponds to 7 mmol/l, this indicates a high risk of diabetes, but if the lifestyle is changed, the disease can be avoided.